With the flourishing of display technology nowadays, digital device makers tend to produce bright and vivid screen by using LED backlighting technology. However, you should be careful since this “eye-killer” can emit very strong blue light rays, which harm your eyes. In fact, studies have shown that prolonged exposure over time of blue light will cause digital eye strain, such as dry and irritated eyes. Although there are a large numbers of blue light filter apps (also known as Night Mode) that allow users to protect eyes, their efficiencies are still questioned. In this article, Allion argues that these apps can be useful tools for filtering out blue light. First, we will explain what blue light is. Then we will run tests after activating these apps.
What is Blue Light?
The electromagnetic spectrum is composed of infrared spectrum, visible spectrum, and ultraviolet. Scientists refer that light travels in waves and often measure it by nanometers (nm). Visible spectrum (380nm~780nm), which also known as visible light, is the only source that human eye can see. It is composed of rainbow of colors, and blue light is discovered from it. Theoretically, waves with shorter wavelength emit higher energy; scientists thus define blue light (420nm – 470nm) as High Energy Visible (HEV) light. Although there are researches showing that blue light can refresh mood and elevate awareness, eye diseases, such as cataract, can be caused by over exposure to blue light.
Color temperature of light is defined by the light bulb emitting different light appearance, and we measure it in degrees of Kelvin (K). For instance, when choosing the “color of light,” “warmth” stands for traditional warm color light (e.g. yellowish), and “coolness” stands for clear and brighter cool white color light (e.g. fluorescent).
The color temperature of light has different wavelength; “warm color” light has lower color temperature (red line) versus “cool color” light has higher color temperature (blue line). Therefore, we can easily distinguish from the below figure: the higher the K value (blue line); the greater the blue light wavelength (420nm – 470nm) among the lights.
Here are some examples that give you general ideas of color temperature in different wavelengths: a conventional light bulb color temperature is 2700K, sunlight at noon color temperature is about D65 (6500K), and LEDs color temperature is 6500 – 7000K. However, regardless of our eyes are slowly and invisibly damaged by prolonged exposure to these high color temperatures, most of us are still spending more than 6 hours a day in front of LED-backlit displays.
Efficiency of Blue Light Filter Apps
Allion selects two mainstream smart phones that have blue light filter function. First, we use Konica Minolta Spectroradiometer (CS-2000A) to inspect displays light source of the original wavelength and radiation. Second, we inspect the same displays again after filtering out the blue light (night mode). As the result, we can find out whether the blue light filter app reaches its purpose for eye protection by decreased the blue-peak wavelength.
Equipment and Environment:
Instrument: Konica Minolta Spectroradiometer (CS-2000A)
Set up the Darkroom:
1. Comparison Chart of Blue-Peak Wavelength
*Blue-peak wavelength measures the maximum region of blue light wavelength (420nm – 470nm).
Comparison Chart of the Result of Blue-Peak Wavelength
From the result of illustration above, the blue-peak wavelength has decreased significantly when activated the night mode. *The rate of decrease in blue-peak wavelengths is 66.35%~85.33% on both tested phones.
2. Attenuation Rate of Blue Light Radiation
The same methodology is used for inspecting the blue light radiation on displays. As the first step, the region of original blue light radiation was tested, and then we activated blue light filter apps afterwards.
*Blue light radiation represents the energy of blue light wavelengths’ total radiation. (420nm – 470nm)
Comparison Chart of the Result of Blue Light Radiation
From the result of illustration above, the blue light radiation has decreased significantly when activated night mode. *The rate of decrease in blue light radiation is 62.13%~84.18% on both tested phones.
Both test results indicate that the average rate of decrease in blue-peak wavelengths and blue light radiation is about 74.5% after we activated night mode. These apps thus can be useful tools for eye protection.
In conclusion, in order to verify night mode efficiency, Allion have tested blue-peak wavelengths and blue light radiation among HEV light (420nm – 470nm) on phone screen. The results show that both tested items were highly reduced after activated night mode. We thus recommend that general consumers should not only select the best blue light filter app but also should use proper lighting in the environment when our eyes are prolonged exposure over time of blue light. Of course, Allion never stops its progresses. We will keep testing blue light by more innovated methodologies within the flourishing LED technology in the future.